Cyana, a French manned submersible
The Cyana is a manned submarine designed for observing and operating at depths reaching 3,000 meters, belongs and operated by IFERMER-Institut Francais de Recherche pour l`exploitation de la Mer (French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea). Commissioned in 1969 and and operates from various IFERMER research vessels (Suroît, Noroît, Nadir, l`Atalante).
The Cyana system provides the following functional features:
Direct observation, thanks to two portholes and 7 projectors, object detection on panoramic sonar, manipulation and sampling using an arm and retractable basket.
Cyana is highly maneuverable thanks to its vertical and horizontal thrusters and its high amplitude attitude control.
Weight in air (lb/kg): 20,500/9,300
Payload in air (kg): 50
Dimensions (L*W*H feet/meter): 18`8*10`5*8`10/5.70*3.20*2.70
Propulsion: main propulsion 2*1.5kW electric thrusters, 2*hydraulic 0.6kW thrusters-1 stern and 1 vertical, all lead battery operated
Speed (sub/knots): 2.0
Range (sub n/miles@knots):6-10 hours operational time
Diving depth (feet/meter): 19,680/6,000
Complement: 3 crew members
Construction: vascojet 90 alloy manned sphere 1.94m in diameter, 2*120mm diameter portholes, 1*manipulator arm with 5 degrees of freedom, 1*sampling basket.
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||Cyana 9,800 feet